Examples of Informative Essays

Sometimes referred to as expository essays, the primary purpose of an informative essay is to provide information or educate readers about a given topic. The aim is not to offer an opinion or persuade someone to do a particular thing or alter their convictions. Additionally, essays of this type should be interesting as well as informative.

Informative Essays – the Basic Structure

The following are some basic rules on how an informative essay should be structured. The format is straightforward and simply includes an introduction (beginning), body (middle part) and conclusion (end).

  • The introduction or beginning introduces the topic or subject matter and it should attract the readers’ attention. It should also include a thesis statement – the main focus of the entire paper.
  • The body or middle part is the largest portion and it will present all essential facts and/or information. This section should answer any questions the reader has. Do not forget to address the following questions: who, how, what, why, where and when.
  • The conclusion is the ending, which summarizes the entire essay. This paragraph should make the reader eager to learn more.

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The Introduction (Beginning)

The following example demonstrates how an informative essay should begin:
When you start reading these words, you may well feel that today is a remarkable day … the day when you might become a lifesaver. It is not difficult to save someone’s life on any given day and it only requires a small amount of time from you. This is not about joining the fire services or becoming a paramedic. It is about giving blood.

The Conclusion (Ending)

The following example shows how to end an essay of this type:
The time has come to act, now that you see how easy it is to make a blood donation. Let us face it, we all have an ample supply of blood, so shouldn’t we share it? Donating blood can save someone’s life and make you feel great about yourself.

Informative Essay Topics

While the main purpose of an informative or expository essay has been described above, this type of writing can serve multiple purposes. It can be used to compare various points of view on controversial subject matter, provided the writer does not offer his or her own opinion. It can be used for analysis purpose e.g. to describe causes and effects or to show readers how to do something such as solving a particular problem.
Here are examples:

  • Informative essays can be used to explain both sides of the death penalty debate. You could use stats showing how crime rate is reduced in favor of the argument and stats showing the number of innocent people being wrongly accused to support the case against.
  • This type of essay could analyze whether homelessness is the result of poor or no education using information and stats on the educational backgrounds of homeless people.
  • Informative essays could be used to show people how to do something such as applying for a bank loan.

Choosing Titles for Informative Essays

The following are some examples of titles for informative essays to give you an idea of the various types:

  • How to purchase an apartment/house
  • The link between heart disease and cholesterol
  • How a vegetarian diet can benefit your health
  • Why regular exercise is important
  • How hybrid cars can reduce costs
  • The main causes global warming
  • The definition of poverty in Chicago
  • The use of alternative fuels to reduce carbon emissions
  • How to check your credit rating
  • What qualifications contractors need
  • Process for getting a license to drive commercial vehicles
  • Geothermal heating and geothermal cooling explained
  • Why it is important to keep ducts clean

The Steps Required to Write an Informative Essay

A large portion of the work is already done before you sit down to actually type your essay. The following are the required steps:

  • When you have selected a topic, research it to get essential information about it. Work out what you know already and what you want to know.
  • List all important information and the steps you need to take. Ensure all factual information is accurate. Create a topic sentence around the various points or facts. Develop a thesis statement or focus sentence for your entire paper.
  • Draft an outline to give logical organization to your information. Start writing the initial draft.
  • A very important stage in any written project is editing. Reading your work aloud is a good way of noticing areas where the text is not clear or reads awkwardly. If you can, get another person to read your work and provide feedback so that you can improve it. Needless to say, you should look out for spelling, punctuation, capitalization, language, grammar and other mistakes.

Informative essays are the best means of explaining complicated subject matter in simple terms.


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