How Do Hybrid Cars Work? Get the Answers!
The recent researches show that the fuel-efficiency of contemporary hybrid car systems may seem more and more attractive for the drivers since the unreasonably high price for gas can become the realm in the nearest future. No wonder that many drivers try to understand how do hybrid cars work, and whether are they worth their high cost. Indeed, it is the high price for the electric hybrid cars keeps the drivers from buying them, though the fast development of technology can make this car a more reasonable purchase. As such, it is possible that this car will become much cheaper in the nearest future. Our article is dedicated to the detailed analysis of hybrid cars pros and cons, as well as the potential benefits of the hybrid car owner. Read it and you will understand how possessing such a car will help you avoid stresses.
Traditional fuels become improperly expensive. Certainly, in terms of a few kilometers, it is not that significant, but experienced drivers know that such prices significantly hit their pockets. Therefore, the drivers, who have the cars with the internal combustion engine, are beginning to look for the good alternatives to their exhausting houses. There is one significant disadvantage in electric vehicles – the need to charge the battery. Usually, it takes much time. In this way, it becomes a significant challenge in the long trips. The technologies have already been developed to charge lithium-ion batteries with electrodes up to 80% of capacity in 5-15 minutes. In the hybrid car, this flaw is eliminated. Noteworthy, in a city cycle, a hybrid car operates 80% of the time in an electric vehicle mode. According to various calculations, hybrids consume 15-50% less fuel than the similar gasoline and diesel cars.
Are Hybrid Cars Worth It?
Answering the question about the modern hybrid system is simple and difficult at the same time. In general, this is a car whose power plant consists of an electric motor and an internal combustion engine, which, in one way or another, jointly turn the wheels. This explanation is enough to anyone, who want to know the essential difference between two cars. However, the person, who wants to buy such a car should dig deeper and learn all the technical solutions and layout options offered by the creators of modern hybrids. In our article, we will try to figure out what hybrids are in general and how they are constructed.
As it was mentioned above, the essence of the hybrid power unit is the combination of an ICE and an electric motor. This car coupe was created in order to save fuel in those moments when it is spent the most in a regular car. For example, the highest fuel consumption is at low speeds in a car with an ICE, so every start from the traffic light or acceleration in a traffic jam costs the driver too much money. It should be noticed that the electric motor works fine in such conditions. At the same time, while traveling on long distances and on high-speed routes, the advantage still remains in the ICE. Simply put, having a hybrid car, one can have two cars – an electric car for the city and a gasoline car for giving in other places. In other words, one can have two engines under one hood, using each of them at the moment when it will be more profitable. At the same time, there is no need to switch the car from the gasoline engine to the electric and back since smart electronics will do everything for the driver. It is the program that assumes that the electric motor takes on the most energy-losing cycle of motion.
Promoting their hybrid models, carmakers argue for their numerous advantages. The advantages of hybrids really are truly obvious, and in some cases, very convincing. However, few people talk about the reverse side of the hybrid idea and their arguments are also quite impressive. Of course, the designers are constantly working on upgrading all types of cars, and hybrid ones are not the exception.
Some of the negative qualities of the hybrids are as follows:
- The hybrid car is not always more economical than a car with an ICE. For example, many diesel cars consume less fuel than hybrids being much cheaper.
- The hybrid car is significantly more expensive than the ICE one since the driver has to pay extra for the battery, electric motor, special transmission, and electronic control units.
- The hybrid is more complicated than the conventional car, so it needs a special service, even the repair of conventional systems, not related to the electric drive, requires special training of auto mechanics.
- The car with a lithium-ion battery on board is rather dubious in terms of ecology. The issues of disposal of batteries, which sooner or later fail, are not resolved in the scale of individual countries, or on the planet.
At the same time, the obvious benefits of hybrid cars are as follows:
- The hybrid car emits less harmful gases when driving in urban environments.
- The hybrid drive allows the driver to increase the mileage of the electric vehicle, making it more adapted to real life (it is mainly about plug-in-hybrids).
- The hybrid drive of some types allows the driver to improve the dynamics of the car without increasing the volume of internal combustion engines and fuel overrun.
- Most hybrid cars are comfortable when riding in difficult urban conditions. Moving from the place on an electric drive, these cars move very smoothly, without jerks, especially in crates, pullovers, when even expensive hydro mechanical cars unpleasantly jerk.
If you are searching the answer to the question “do hybrid cars save money,” feel free to refer to the recent statistics since the technology is progressing with every day.
Hybrid Cars Saving Money and Time
Time is the most valuable resource for any person. Undoubtedly, the excluding half of the arrivals at the gas stations, and even more, while driving around the city, gives the car owner a certain amount of time for other and important activities.
Nowadays, more and more manufacturers are bringing out effective hybrid models from the usual to the plug-in versions to attract more customers. Hybrid technology is no longer limited to single hatchbacks; now, the customers can buy crossovers and sedans as they are among the best hybrid cars on sale.
In Toyota Yaris, for example, the electric motor additionally helps the ICE to overcome the hill. Hybrids with more sophisticated systems, such as the Toyota Prius, can drive a limited range of battery life.
The plug-in such as Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV has a larger battery that can be fully charged overnight. In such vehicles, the stock on one charge is more impressive (30-50 km).
Finally, there are hybrid extras that work only on electricity, but they also have a small gasoline or diesel engine, which, if necessary, provide additional battery charging – like the BMW i3.
How Hybrid Cars Can Reduce Costs?
With increased requirements for fuel economy and the level of harmful CO2 emissions, riding on conventional gasoline and diesel cars is becoming increasingly costly. However, electric cars do not suit everyone because of the limited range of motion and the need for a place to charge.
Manufacturers invest more and more money in hybrid technology. Almost every automaker, high-end brand cars such as Porsche, has a hybrid in the range or plans to release it in the next few years. In the hybrid, both engines work on each other. The ICE twists the generator and energizes the electric motor. This, in turn, allows the internal combustion engine to operate without abrupt overclocking, in the most favorable modes. Practically all modern hybrids have a system of recovery.
Certainly, hybrid cars are more complex and expensive than traditional cars with the internal combustion engines. Rechargeable batteries have a small range of operating temperatures, they do not like low temperatures; their service life is limited to several years. The economy of the hybrid is directly related to the state of the battery. In addition, there is a problem of recycling waste batteries. Hybrids are more expensive in repair, and not all of them can be repaired. In addition, many hybrids are also questioned about the high environmental friendliness and economy of hybrids. So, a series of tests conducted by authoritative automotive editions showed that hybrids give a noticeable fuel economy only in the city, while beyond the city they lose significantly to modern diesel engines.
In general, a hybrid is a progressive car that balances deficiencies and combines the virtues of two engines, which allows the car owner to economize the significant amount of money.
In conclusion, it should be said that despite the sharp balance of advantages and disadvantages, modern hybrids are multiplied in the catalogs of leading automakers. New purely hybrid models come out and more and more hybrid versions of conventional cars appear. Interestingly, in many brands, these cars are the flagships of model lines. The hybrid suddenly became not a car for those who want to economize their money, but on the contrary – a symbol of prosperity and success. All in all, a hybrid car is a compromise between practicality and drive.
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