Fuel emission is very harmful to the environment and the lives of human beings and animals. Various factors determine the amount of energy use in a country such as the population size, temperature, the number of occupants and living habits of the people. All these are the factors that influence the fuel choices made by citizens of a country. Energy consumption in the United States in 2014 was 28 quadrillion British thermal units derived from natural gas, while that of Brazil, was 11.2 billion barrels mainly from oil.
Fossil fuel act as the primary source of fuel emission in the United States as it burns; it tends to release carbon dioxide into the air. Fossil fuels, when burned around the world, are used to power automobiles, and airplane and the gasses released causes greenhouse effect and global warming. Carbon dioxide is the main greenhouse that is emitted by the human activities. In the year 2013, it recorded 82% of all the US greenhouse gas emissions. The human activities change the carbon cycle by adding more gas into the air. On the contrary to the US, emission in Brazil comes from transportation such as highway vehicles, aviation or marine travel has significant contributions to carbon dioxide emission a major contributor of fuel emission.
The combustion of fossil fuel like diesel that is used to transport people and goods is the first source of carbon dioxide recording 31% of the total Brazil carbon dioxide emissions. Many industries in Brazil produce carbon dioxide through the burning of fuel. The chemical process also contributes to the emission of carbon dioxide as well as the consumption of mineral products like iron and cement. Brazil, carbon dioxide emission accounted for almost 15% of the total Brazil Carbon dioxide. Many industries use electricity in their industrial processes and, therefore, cause the emission from the power being produced. Both the US and Brazil industries profiles can, therefore, be concluded to be a significant contributor to the emission of fuels. The main similarity between US and Brazil is the factor that both have fossil fuel, carbon dioxide and other monoxides as the primary source of fuel emission.
Both Brazil and the US are the largest ethanol producers in the world as they both account for 90% of the world production. The US is leading with 6499 Million Gallons of global ethanol production and Brazil 5019 Million Gallons productions. Both countries are agriculture and oil powerhouses that act as the source of fuel in both nations. The two countries have equal agriculture greenhouse gas emissions, and they are important oil producers in the world.
Brazil is the largest producer of petroleum and other liquid fuel in the South America. Brazil has held monopoly positions on oil related production a factor that has placed the country in the forefront of fuel production. Brazil also is the 8th largest energy and fuel consumer and 10th best producer in the world. Due to sustained economic growth in Brazil, energy consumption has increased in the past decade. On the other hand, in the US, the primary source of fuel is natural gas that heats more than half of the United States homes.
Regulation in Fuel Emission
Emissions from the motor vehicle have been controlled by designing cars to have low emission since the beginning. Advanced controls to reduce emission of hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide and vehicle manufacturers are required to be induced to introduce them during vehicle manufacture. The United States have adopted vehicle emissions standard that are active in all industrialized countries. Advanced technology that includes catalytic converters and evaporative emissions controls introduced in the US have helped to reduce car pollution.
Brazil has added prices in the emissions units from their companies to decrease the rate of fuel emission in the environment. The price charged is called carbon price and some economic, financial and environmental issues determines the price. The effects include the level of industrial production, energy prices, weather and the supply of permits. The more a company produces a harmful emission, the more the price they have to pay. This price charged has therefore allowed businesses in Brazil to regulate the amount of discharge from the fuel combustion in the air.
As part of the worldwide emissions regulations, both Brazil and the US share similarities in emission regulations. Both are actively involved in the prevention of air pollution to prevent fuel emission by adopting international standards.
Solution to High-End Demand Countries
High demand countries such as the US should place regulations that will ensure there is optimum energy use without any loss. Energy conservation should be the primary laws and policy objective that need to be followed up to allow maximum use of the available energy. It requires that energy consumers to monitor the energy consumption regulations set up. Authority body such as Energy Efficiency should implement the energy conservation laws that will be set up. Sensitization on the use of LED lamps instead of other lights that consume a lot of power during lighting needs to be done to allow the decrease in the utilization of the lights. These lamps consume a lot of power hence they are inefficient.
Wind energy needs to be put up in the high demand countries like Brazil to generate more power for the nations. Wind power should account a significant amount of power generation a factor that will supplement the available energy. Solar energy that is readily available and cheap to people needs installation as they can't afford the expensive installation of grid lines. Solar power will help to boost energy production in the developing countries.
High users of energy both in Brazil and US should also adopt energy trading with the friendly nations. Energy trading will contribute to achieving surplus electricity generation for various uses in the countries. High users and low users will actively work together to eliminate and avoid fuel emissions in the environment. Adoption of common standards among the nations will help by setting accepted international norms.
Solving Cultural Differences and Diversity
As a result of high and low use countries, there will emerge cultural differences and diversity among the two nations. When both nations learn about each other’s cultures through training, talking and interacting with people from different cultures helps to resolve cultural differences. In case, Countries acquire a broad knowledge of the values and beliefs of other cultures they enhance cultural awareness. Accepting, recognizing and respecting foreign cultures have acted as the primary solution to solve any cultural diversity between high and low energy users.
Brazil has a natural advantage in the production of ethanol as the country has unutilized land that acts as the agricultural production base. Besides, the Brazil climate is suitable for sugarcane production the primary source of ethanol. In the US, there is plenty of corns all over that contain starch a component needed in ethanol production. Finally, energy consumption in the US is mainly from natural gas that is used to run factory machines and home appliances. On the other hand, oil is the main energy consumption in Brazil.