World War II
War is one of the most terrible happenings is our today’s world since it is associated with devastating outcomes such as loss of lives, damage to property, and immense suffering of people. In history, the 20th century remains the most remembered because of it having experienced two huge wars – World War I and World War II. Notably, World War II was a central event of the 20th century influenced by the disorders created by World War I. World War II was witnessed on all the six continents and involved several countries and billions of people. It remains a historical event having been associated with the worst destructions than those caused by the previous wars.
Shockingly, World War II caused more than 84 million deaths involving 57 million civilians and 17 million soldiers through bombings, starvation, and mass murders. As a result of the war, national boundaries of Europe and Asia were redrawn causing a vast relocation of many ethnic groups and homelessness of many families. There was also a virtual annihilation of the Jewish population in Europe. By the time the war ended in 1945, great cities such as Hiroshima, Osaka, Berlin, Tokyo, Nagasaki, and Manila among many others had been destroyed. World War II also steered in the atomic age and was followed by the downfall of the time of war pact between the United States and the Soviet Union. The war also marked the beginning of the Cold War between the powers of the Western Bloc and allies of the Soviet Union. The aim of this paper is to discuss with a deeper emphasis World War II based on the questions below.
What Gave Nazi Germany the Ability to Conquer Continental Europe so Quickly?
Several countries were involved in World War II. These were Germany, Japan, and Italy fighting against Russia, the United States, Britain, France, China, and their allies. Among these states, Germany was reported to have had a significant influence on starting World War II under its Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. Although Germany has suffered loss and defeat in World War I, it easily conquered almost all Europe. There were two major reasons why Germany was able to conquer Europe in World War II.
Firstly, invention and revolution of the fighting tactics gave it a great advantage. All other nations in Europe were training and preparing to re-fight World War I while Germany had learned from the mistakes of World War I and prepared for World War II in a whole new style. When the World War I ended, the participating countries started retraining, equipping, and configuring their armies to refight the war. However, the Germans realized that the use of tanks had changed the nature of the war and thus concentrated their tanks into large groups, the panzer divisions. In fact, Germany was the first in the world to form armored groups, which were strong enough to bombard Allied armies and destroy them from behind.
Secondly, Germany’s ground armies received a superior air support from the Ju-87 Stuka dive bombers. Airborne elements of the German Blitzkrieg were responsible for providing effective air artillery support to the rapidly advancing columns of the German tanks. In contrast to the enemies using the less precise high altitude level bombing, the Ju-87 Stuka dive bombers employed the low altitude precision attacks with rockets and guns, which were highly effective. Through this tactic, the Germans were able to cut roads, smash bridges, and destroy enemies’ supply convoys and installations. They also attacked enemies’ ground forces and cracked their fortified positions and tanks. The tactic was also used to sink the enemies’ ships.
How Did the German War Differ from Previous Wars in Modern European History?
After an unexpected defeat in World War I, Germany learnt from its mistakes, which enabled it to reform its approaches in World War II. As a result, the German stretegies in World War II were designed in a whole new style. In this question, we refer to Holocausts and atrocities as well as the use of the Blitzkrieg tactics.
Firstly, the Germans resorted to Holocaust and other forms of atrocities against their perceived enemies. By using these approaches, they were determined to achieve a pure racial culture by executing the Gypsies, the mentally ill, homosexuals, communists, socialists, and other undesired groups. The highest and most notable form of these atrocities were terror campaigns against the Europeans Jews. They were believed to have contributed to Germany’s defeat in World War I. As a result, the Germans managed to dominate the region due to the effective strategies in the war. The nations conquered by the Germans were compelled to eliminate the inferior groups of people, the Untermensch.
Secondly, Germans adopted Blitzkrieg tactics, which was never used in the previous wars. The Nazi Germans noted that the Blitzkrieg tactics would make them superior to any other country participating in the war. Through this tactic, they attacked their enemies and destroyed their communication and logistics. This made their war more effective enabling easier defeats. Besides, the Germans adopted more superior weapons and tanks than other nations. As such, the German war was backed by the Blitzkrieg tactics, better ground armies, efficient fighting tactics, and the adoption of superior technologies. Germany was more ready to the start of the World War II in 1939 than any other country.
What Was the Importance of the Battles of Britain and Moscow in Making This a Truly World War?
The Battles of Britain and Moscow were presumably the most important during World War II for various reasons. The major significance of Battle of Britain lied in the fact that Adolf Hitler was not able to invade the UK. If he had done that, he would have forced Britain to surrender and then become the supreme ruler of Europe and the world at large. However, in spite of having a superior ground force, Hitler was unable to control Britain’s skies because of a harsh response from the British Royal Air Force (RAF). Hitler turned to attack the Soviet Union, the decision that led to his eventual downfall. As a result, the Battle of Britain was one of the most decisive during World War II.
The Battle of Moscow was no less important. It marked the first historic defeat of the Germans on the ground and a subsequent end of the Nazi blitz victories. The battle led to numerous deaths and destruction of infrastructure. Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union, defeated the Germans as he gave his generals and paratroopers more freedom to act. His decisions influenced better effectiveness in the war.
Why and How Were The Germans Defeated in Both Battles?
Despite its superior powers, Germany was defeated in both battles. In World War I, Germany’s communication and supply lines were blocked by British and French armies so that Germans were deprived of food and weapons. Also, its defeat was triggered by the entrance of the United States’ army, starvation, political unrests at home, economic ruins, and mutiny in the navy.
In World War II, Germany was defeated as it had too many enemies in too many directions. Germany decided to attack the Soviet Union while it was losing an air war with Britain. It had also established a war with the United States just after the Pearl Harbor even though the US was less concerned. These events were coupled with the fact that Hitler made too many wrong decisions.
How Did Japanese Policy in Asia and the Pacific Help Create the Preconditions for a True World War?
During the World War II, there were different forms of policies to support the war efforts in Japan. One of the most remarkable was the Japanese use of the propaganda policies in both Asia and the Pacific. The Japanese dropped leaflets over the enemy soldiers in a bid to make them surrender. Others leaflets were intended to motivate soldiers and workers. Pamphlets were spread to show Japan as a liberator of the East Asia from the Western powers. However, all this was intended to wage war by motivating the Japanese soldiers and making the enemies surrender. This created the preconditions by extolling the rights of people as well as their religions, languages, and rituals to show that the Western way was inferior.