04.07.2019 in Philosophy

The Origin of the Universe

The origin of the universe is a widely discussed topic with different people attributing the comprehensible universe that exists today and harbors intelligent life including that of human beings to different forces. It is a question that has occupied the human mind since ancient times. In fact all the cultures in the world have a narrative that describes the origin of the world as it is today. With widespread Abrahamic religions many people today believe that the universe is the work of an almighty being who crafted everything from nothing while others hold the view that the universe came into being through a conspiracy of numerous improbable and unrelated natural forces which ultimately designed the earth to be as human- friendly as it is today.  However, science, with all its logical and well researched explanations, has failed to explain the origin of the universe.

At best, what the various cosmological theories put forward describes the early development, the history of the Universe and the origin of life. The creation theory attributes all that exists today to the hand of God but glaringly fails to explain the origin of God instead portraying Him as too mysterious and complex to be understood by the callow human mind. While there are those who have attempted to reconcile the creation and cosmological theories of the origin of the universe, the two appear irreconcilable on the surface. The question therefore remains as strong as it was to the ancient scholars- Where did the universe originate from? Was it created by God? Did it just occur? Could it be that the original primitive earth was created by God who then set things in motion to develop to the comprehensible world today? The last question perhaps brings a blend of the two main theories of the origin of the universe.

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Creation Theory

The creation theory related is related in the first chapter of the book of Genesis. The creator, who is identified as God, or the word has always existed. However, only a void existed where the universe stands today. Darkness engulfed the void.  God’s spirit hovered over the emptiness. The creator then brings some order into the universe by first creating light energy and time (day and night). He then proceeds to create the sky and the earth. He then proceeds to create space between the waters on the ground and waters in heaven which has been understood to mean the atmosphere. Later, He creates dry land and plants. He then creates the rest of the universe. It is important to note that the creation theory portrays a very powerful and intelligent creator. First, He has always existed and was not created. Secondly, He creates everything from nothing. He has no benchmark and therefore, designs all His creation. Thirdly, He creates everything by the word of his mouth. It is important to note that He exhibits a lot of order in His creation. He for instance creates light first before creating the plants as the plants will need light to flourish. The plants are in turn created before the animals as the former will provide nutrition for the latter. Taking all these factors into consideration, all one needs is to have a belief that such a being exists and then the creation theory will make perfect sense to them. The creation theory is in perfect harmony with the Abrahamic religions’ doctrines on the characteristic of God since the adherents believe that God is Omniscient, Omnipotent and Omnipresent. For a being who possesses these qualities, creating the universe would be child’s play.

Physical Cosmological theory

Many physicists concur that in the universe’s formative stages, a phenomenon occurrence which has been termed as the Big bang took place. However, they are uncertain about what preceded the Big Bang that is estimated to have taken place about 15 billion years ago. According to this theory, the Universe as it exists today, expanded from a tremendously hot and dense phase referred to as the Planck epoch. In this phase, all the energy in the universe was concentrated. The universe was too hot to allow the existence of particles. The inflationary Planck epoch led to the expansion due to the levels of energies that caused it. The expansion to gradual cooling of the particles.  Since this phase, the universe has been expanding until it has reached its current form. Proponents of this theory further acknowledge that 95% of the energy and matter and the universe is still unknown and it is largely due to these that the universe will continue expanding. Proponents of the Big Bang have cited many independent proofs of its occurrence. They have further attributed life on earth to chemical evolution which was then followed by biological evolution.

Relationship between Creation and Big Bang theories

Many Christians are of the view that scientific theories of the origin of the universe tend to undermine their faith. However, few have attempted to use the magnificence of the universe and apply some scientific principles on the origin of the universe that are consistent with their faith to  further support their views on the creator.


The Origin of the totality of existence remains one of the biggest unanswered questions that have been asked by man over the years. While there are countless theories, the creation and scientific theories such as the big bang are the most popular and many people are convinced by the two. It is however impossible to deduce whether there will ever be a concurrence between those who belong to the two schools of thought. The matter is further made more complex by the fact that unlike the origin of life which can and has been studied from the outside and thus enabled the researchers to have an objective outlook of the same, the origin of the Universe can only be studied from the inside.

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